Michael Schmitt is the Charles H. Stockton Professor of International Law and Chairman of the International Law Department at the U.S. Naval War College. He is also the Professor of Public International Law at the University of Exeter Law School, as well as a Senior Fellow at the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. A retired U.S. Air Force judge advocate, Professor Schmitt was previously Dean of the Marshall Center in Germany and Professor of Law at Durham University in the U.K. He has participated in many international research efforts, including the ICRC’s consideration of Direct Participation in Hostilities, Harvard’s Law of Air and Missile Warfare project, and, as Director, the study that resulted in the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare. Professor Schmitt is currently directing Tallinn 2.0, a follow-on project that expands the scope of the Tallinn Manual.